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The Sewing Machine Parts And Functions – Here’s Our Guide!

There are a few different types of sewing machine parts, each with a different function. Some of the common sewing machine parts are the foot pedal, needle, presser foot, and the stitch selector.

Sewing machine parts serve various functions in a sewing machine, and while some are specific to just one purpose, many are used to serve more than one.

Let’s have a quick look at the parts that make up a sewing machine and how they all work together:

The Anatomy of a Sewing Machine: A Guide to All Parts and Their Uses

Sewing machine parts are the most important part of a sewing machine. They are the heart of any sewing machine.

Without a good set of sewing machine parts, even the most expensive sewing machine in the world is useless. It is important to maintain your sewing machine parts.

Bobbin and Bobbin Case

Bobbin and Bobbin Case is an important part in the sewing machine. The bobbin is a small cylindrical spool or cylinder which contains thread and revolves within the sewing machine needle and serves as the lower part of the sewing machine needle.

In the bobbin itself, the thread is wound in a coil around a central tube. The bobbin case is a round case which holds the bobbin.

Slide Plate or Bobbin Cover

Slide Plate is a part of the bobbin case, which mounts to the top of the upper sewing machine needle plate in order to guide the thread from the upper needle threader to the bobbin.

It is a bobbin cover which comes with some sewing machines and can be purchased separately for others. Slide plate has a slide plate attached to the bottom of the bobbin cover, which can be adjusted or removed when necessary.

It is important to adjust the bobbin cover to ensure that the bobbin winding is the same as if the bobbin cover is not installed. Failure to adjust the bobbin cover or the bobbin winding to accommodate the bobbin cover can result in thread tie ups, needle thread jams, and/or skipped stitches

Needle and Needle Clamp

Needle is used for sewing and it is a tool. It is a type of equipment that you will always need when you are sewing. The needles are used to puncture fabrics and thread. It is really important in sewing. There will be times when you want to do hand sewing.

You have to have needle and thread. There are different kinds of needle that are used in sewing. Commonly the one with the sharp tip is the most commonly used.

The sharp tip is to puncture fabric. There are other kinds of needle that have blunt ends. It is used by quilters. They push the needle in and out of fabric.

Throat Plate

The throat plate is the piece of metal on the top of your sewing machine that holds the needle in place. The way the throat plate is shaped determines how easily you can thread the machine, whether you can do it by hand without a threading hook, and whether the machine will work well with certain kinds of feet.

The throat plate also determines whether you can use a machine without the feed dogs, which are the teeth that move the fabric and let you do free motion quilting and other decorative stitches.

Feed Dogs

A feed dog, also called an attachment or a friction feed, is a machine that is used to move fabric through a sewing machine.

The feed dog is usually found beneath the presser foot. Some machines have one, some have two. The feed dogs grip the fabric, as more force is put on the foot in order to move the fabric through the machine. Feed dogs can be metal or plastic.

Tension Regulator

A tension regulator is a device used in sewing machines to adjust the tension of the stitches. There are several different types of tension regulators, each designed to adjust the tension of a different part of the machine or to offer a different type of stitch.

The most common types of tension regulators are the zigzag regulator, the straight stitch regulator, and the top tension regulator.

Take-Up Lever

A take-up lever is a small length of cord that is found on most mechanical machines, such as sewing machines and other types of machines.

It is usually used to tighten the main thread. The take-up lever is usually located on top of the needle plate or on the side of the machine.

Bobbin Winder Tension Disk

It is a small device that fits into the bobbin winder of your sewing machine and automatically winds the bobbins for you. This device can fit into any kind of sewing machines, and it is quite easy to use.

Bobbin Winder

Bobbin Winder is a machine used in sewing. The purpose of Bobbin Winder is to hold the spools of thread so that the thread can be used for the sewing machine. Bobbin Winder is able to wind a bobbin with thread.

Spool Pin

The spool pin is a device that is used to hold the spool of thread when you are sewing. Some people prefer to use the spool pin since it allows the thread to unwind smoothly without tangling.

Stitch Selector

A Stitch Selector is a sewing machine that has a built-in computer that allows you to program the size, style, and type of stitch. You can also adjust the pattern, width, and density of your stitching.

Stitch-Length Selector

In sewing and embroidery, the stitch-length selector (also called stitch-length regulator, stitch regulator, or control slider) is a slider on the top of the machine that allows you to adjust the length of the stitch. The length of a stitch is the distance between stitches.

There are two types: a hand-crank stitch length regulator that you can move to change the stitch length as you sew, and a length-adjusting dial that you can adjust without stopping sewing.

Reverse-Stitch Button

The reverse-stitch button is placed on the right-hand side of the sewing machine.  It is usually a small white button with a symbol of a needle pointing in the opposite direction. 

The purpose of the reverse-stitch button is to start sewing again in the opposite direction to what you have just finished sewing.  

This is particularly useful when sewing a seam that is primarily a topstitch.  It will be much easier to hide the thread ends if you sew in the opposite direction.

Foot Controller

Foot controller is a part of sewing machine which is attached to a sewing machine, which is operated by the feet. It is used to increase or decrease the speed of the machine.

Some sewing machines have a mechanical system for the foot controller. It is operated by the press of a treadle.  

Seamstress can adjust the speed of operation according to the thickness of the fabric or the weight of the work.  It is as simple as that.

In Conclusion

The sewing machine is an amazing piece of equipment. It may seem complicated at first, but once you learn to use it, you will wonder how you ever lived without it. The sewing machine is great for small projects, and a great supplement to your other sewing tools.

Kirsten Carter

Kirsten Carter

Kirsten Carter is a freelance content writer who specialises in writing about travel, technology and health. When she's not traveling between her home of Tanzania and England, she writes for her blog Rightminded Travelling and features on a variety of different travel and technology sites.View Author posts

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