If you have a sewing machine, you want it to be efficient and stay in good condition for as long as possible, meaning it should be cleaned regularly. This is true for all machines, but your ironing board is one of the most important parts of this process.
It is responsible for removing the excess material from the fabric when you iron, as well as picking up the necessary heat to maintain the temperature for the actual ironing. This is why it is essential to clean and maintain your ironing board.
Cast iron is a durable material, made from molten iron alloyed with other metals, usually iron ore and carbon. It is used as a heat-insulator for a range of industrial, commercial, and domestic purposes.
It has been used in the production of cookware for thousands of years, and is also used in the production of anvils.
The best way to clean a cast iron sewing machine base is to use a paste of ammonia and water, which will remove any grease or oil that may remain on the surface after cleaning. You can then polish off any remaining residue using steel wool.
You need to make sure that there are no sharp edges around the edge of the ironing table, because these could cause injury if they come into contact with clothing during ironing. If you find yourself having trouble finding a suitable spot to put down the ironing board, consider placing it against a wall instead.
What are the parts of a sewing machine?
Sewing machines are complex machines, and understanding how they work is important. If you’re looking to start sewing, there are a few things that are essential to understand: This guide will provide you with a basic understanding of the various parts of a sewing machine, and how they function.
In the simplest terms, a sewing machine is a machine that is capable of sewing (stitching) fabric or some other material. The parts of a sewing machine include the:
- Main motor
The main motor is a major part of a sewing machine It provides power to operate the entire device. Most modern models feature two motors; one for each needle position.
These motors are typically electric DC brushed motors. They are controlled by electronic circuitry within the control panel.
- The needle
The needle of a sewing machine is what actually sews through the cloth. There are many different types of needles available, including straight stitch, zigzag, overlock, buttonhole, blanket, satin etc. Each type of needle requires its own set of controls.
- The spool for the thread
This part of a sewing machine holds the thread needed to sew the item being created. Thread comes in several varieties, such as cotton, polyester, nylon, silk, rayon, metallic threads, embroidery floss, and more. Some fabrics require specialised thread, like leather or suede.
- The needle plate
A needle plate is where the needle goes through the fabric. A typical needle plate consists of three holes – one hole for the thread, another for the bobbin case, and a third for the presser foot.
- The presser foot
The presser foot is attached to the needle plate via a mechanism called the “foot lever”. When the foot lever is depressed, the presser foot moves up towards the top of the machine.
As the presser foot lifts away from the fabric, the stitching line stops moving across the fabric.
When the foot lever is released, the presser foot returns back to its original position.
- The presser bar
Presser bar are used to hold the fabric while it’s being stitched. Presser bars usually have an adjustable height so that they can be adjusted according to the thickness of the fabric being worked upon.
There are also fixed-height pressers bars, which do not allow adjustment. These are often found on older models of sewing machines.
- The feed dogs
Feed dog are metal plates located at either side of the needle plate. As the needle passes through the fabric, the feed dogs push the fabric forward along the length of the machine.
Feed dogs come in varying sizes depending on the size of the fabric being fed into the machine. Smaller items may only need small feed dogs, whereas larger items might require large feed dogs.
- The throat plate
Throat plates are made out of steel and serve as guides for the fabric when it enters the machine.
- The thread guides
The thread guides of a sewing machine help keep the thread taut during operation. This prevents tangles and snags from occurring.
Thread guides are generally placed above the needle plate.
- The bobbin box
Bobbins boxes contain bobbins, which store the thread wound around them. Bobbins boxes vary greatly in design and construction. Many manufacturers use plastic moulded designs with removable covers.
- Balance wheel
The balance wheel of a sewing machine helps maintain even tension throughout the entire process of creating a garment. The balance wheel has two sides: One side rotates clockwise and the other counterclockwise.
If you look closely at your sewing machine, you’ll notice there are four wheels inside. Two of these wheels rotate CW, and two CCW.
The rotating parts of each pair of wheels are connected by a shaft. If all four wheels were rotated simultaneously, then the shaft would turn 360 degrees.
- Wood cabinet
The wood cabinet of a sewing machine contains many components such as spools of thread, needles, buttons, etc. It also houses the motor and drive train.
- Cabinet drawer
This part of a sewing machine were used for storing various tools like pins, thimbles, scissors, etc.
- Cabinet for scratches
Cabinet for scratches is a part of a sewing machine where one could put their hand or fingers if needed.
It is very important to protect this area because it will get scratched easily.
- Sewing machine cover
A sewing machine cover protects the interior of the sewing machine from dust and dirt. They’re typically made of leather or vinyl. Some people prefer using a clear plastic cover instead.
- Treadle bases
This part of a sewing machine that used for moving up and down the material. Treadle bases are attached to the frame of the sewing machine.
They move vertically upwards and downwards. When the treadle is pressed down, it moves the material upward. Conversely, when the treadle is lifted off the ground, the material falls downward.
- Bobbin chamber
Bobbin chamber are places where the bobbin can be stored while not in use. There are different types of bobbin chambers available.
Most commonly they have an opening at the top so that the bobbin can be inserted.
There are some models that do not allow the insertion of the bobbin but rather hold it in place. These machines are known as “top loading” machines.
- Bobbin winder
This part of a sewing machine allows the user to remove the bobbin without having to manually pull on the threads. A typical bobbin winding mechanism consists of a lever that pulls the bobbin out of its housing.
- Belt drives
These belts run through the belt pulleys located near the foot pedal. Belt drives transfer power from the motor to the main driving system.
How to choose a sewing machine?
- Buy the best you can afford.
- Look for features like stitch width, needle size, number of stitches per inch, thread capacity and quality, and foot type.
- Choose one with easy controls.
- Make sure the fabric feed dogs work well.
- Check the manual for any special instructions about how to care for your new machine.
- Consider buying extra accessories before making your purchase.
- Don’t forget to check the warranty!
Other types of a sewing machine
Sewing machines come in all shapes and sizes, with countless types of attachments allowing you to create nearly limitless designs and projects. Craft, quilting, embroidery, garment sewing, sewing projects for kids, and more.
There are all different kinds of sewing machines that you can find out on the market, and they all are different from each other in their own way. You might also like to know that there are some other types of a sewing machine that you might be interested in, and we might like to share with you some of them.
- Antique sewing machine
Antique machines are the sewing machine that was manufactured before 1950s. The most common antique sewing machine has been around since 1900s. This type of sewing machine is still being sold today.
- Hand-crank sewing machine
Hand cranked sewing machines are those which require manual force to operate. Most of these machines are no longer produced due to the fact that modern technology makes them obsolete.
However, some vintage hand crankers are still being sold today. Hand crank sewing machines are usually found in museums.
- Antique singer sewing machine table desk
This type of a sewing machine is one of the oldest ones ever created. It uses mechanical parts such as gears and cams to perform various functions. Mechanical sewing machines were first invented during 18th century.
- Atlas precision sewing machine
This type of a machine is designed specifically for high-quality workmanship. They are very expensive because of this reason. Atlas sewing machines are made by companies such as Singer Company or Brother Industries.
- Ancient sewing machines
Ancient sewing machines are beautiful machines that used to exist thousands of years ago. Some ancient sewing machines even look similar to what we see nowadays.
The earliest sewing machines were developed back then when people started using leather instead of fabric. Leather was much harder than cloth, making stitching difficult.
In order to solve this problem, early inventors came up with ways to make sewing easier. One of the methods involved adding weights to the needle.
Another method included attaching metal plates to the underside of the needles.
- B’Antique singer sewing machine
This type of a sewing machine requires manual force to operate it. These machines have been popular among many women who want to sew clothes for themselves but do not wish to use electricity.
- Bulb sewing machine bayonet
Bulb sewing machine bayonet are a type of a machine that does not need any power source at all. Bulbs are attached to the top of the machine where the operator sits while operating it manually.
These machines are often seen in old movies and television shows. However, they are rarely available now.
- Cast iron machine
Cast iron machine is a type of a sewing machine that is commonly known as an industrial sewing machine. Industrial sewing machines are mostly used in factories.
They are heavy duty machines that are meant to last long periods of time without breaking down. Cast iron sewing machines are durable and sturdy.
- Corded sewing machine
A corded sewing machine is a type of sewing machine that needs electrical current to function properly. Cordless sewing machines are more convenient compared to corded models.
- Iron singer sewing machine
This type of a machine has become obsolete over the past few decades. Iron singers are also called treadle sewing machines. This model can be operated only if you step on its foot pedal.
- Vintage sewing machines
Vintage machine are a type of a sewing machine which looks like something from another era. Vintage sewing machines come in different designs and sizes.
Some vintage sewing machines are hand-operated; others require electric motors. The most common types include:
- Kissral 25Pcs sewing machine
This type of a machine uses a motorized mechanism to stitch fabrics together. It comes with two spools of thread so that users may choose between them depending on their preference.
Kissral sewing machines are ideal for beginners since they provide easy access to stitches.
- Singer sewing machine
Singer sewing machines are one of the best selling sewing machines today. There are several reasons why these machines are preferred by millions of consumers worldwide.
First, they are affordable. Second, they offer great performance.
- Singer sewing machine base
This type of a sewing machine that is made out of wood or plastic material. Singer sewing machines are usually found in homes because they are inexpensive. They are very simple to maintain and repair.
- Stitchmaster sewing machine
The StichMaster sewing machine is designed specifically for embroidery purposes. Its design allows for quick changes when needed.
- Singer sewing machine oil
This type of a sewing machine that requires regular maintenance. If neglected, this could lead to damage of parts inside the machine.
- 201-2 sewing machine
This sewing machine is suitable for both home use and commercial applications. It offers many features including automatic needle position adjustment, auto feeder, and built-in light.
- Mechanical sewing machine
This Awesome machines are best for beginners. You will get everything from basic stitches like straight stitch, zigzag etc.
You can learn how to thread your machine easily. The most important thing about these types of machines is that they don’t require any kind of electric supply.
It doesn’t matter whether you’re looking for a simple home sewing project or something more complicated, there’s always going to be some sort of sewing machine out there that suits your requirements perfectly.
- Electric sewing machine
The electric sewing machine is considered to be the best choice if you want your sewing project done quickly and efficiently. Electric sewing machines are very easy to learn how to sew because they don’t need any special skills.
However, this kind of a sewing machine requires electricity to work properly.
- Pneumatic sewing machine
A pneumatic sewing machine works using air pressure instead of electricity. Pneumatics are much quieter than electric motors.
How important to clean your sewing machine?
A dirty machine will not sew well. It will not be able to pick up the thread properly, and may even damage the fabric.
If you notice anything unusual about your machine, such as unusual noise or difficulty feeding the fabric through the needle, stop what you are doing and check the machine for signs of wear or damage.
If it seems fine but still isn’t working correctly, contact an expert who specializes in repairing sewing machines.
When cleaning your machine, make sure to remove all lint and dust particles before starting. This includes removing threads stuck between the teeth of the bobbin case.
To keep your machine running smoothly, regularly lubricate its moving parts with sewing machine oil.
Doing so ensures smooth operation and prevents friction which causes heat buildup. Heat buildups cause problems such as broken needles and damaged fabrics.
Always follow manufacturer instructions on how to care for your machine. Some manufacturers recommend specific oils while others suggest general purpose products.
Some models have their own unique ways of storing sewing machine oil. Make sure to read the manual carefully to find out where exactly to store the oil.
In addition to keeping your machine operating at peak performance, proper storage also helps prevent future breakdowns by preventing moisture from entering into the interior components.
What things to avoid to prevent damages to your sewing machine?
- Avoid using any type of oil on your machine, including sewing machine oil. This will damage the machine.
- Make sure you use an appropriate needle for your fabric. A general rule is that if the fabric is thicker than your skin or hair, use a heavier gauge (thicker) needle. If you are unsure what kind of needle to use, ask your local sewing shop.
- Do not use any thread that is too thick. The thickness determines whether the thread can pass easily through the eye of the needle. Too-thin threads tend to break when pulled tight around the needle.
- Never put metal objects near your sewing machine. They could get caught under the foot pedal and cause serious injury.
- Keep sharp items away from your machine. You never know when someone might try to cut themselves accidentally.
- Don’t leave your machine unattended. Children should only play with toys meant specifically for them. Adults need to supervise children playing with household appliances like this one.
How do you degrease a sewing machine?
If it is a regular machine, turn off the power and remove any parts that could be plugged into an outlet. If it is a hand-operated machine, use a damp cloth or sponge to clean the area around the needle plate.
Remove the cover over the needle plate and wipe down the entire surface. Remove the top part of the machine and wash the inside thoroughly.
Use soap and water to clean the rest of the machine. Be careful not to touch the gears or other internal mechanisms.
Wipe dry after washing. Do not let the machine sit overnight without drying completely.
How to paint cast iron sewing machine base?
- Remove the old paint from the base. Put some new oil on the base and let it soak for at least an hour. Then wipe off the excess oil with a paper towel.
- Now you need to sand down the surface of the cast-iron base. Use 120 grit sandpaper. Do not use 180 or 220 grit sandpaper. It will scratch the surface of the cast-iron base.
- If the base needs to be cleaned, use soapy water. Apply soap to the cloth and scrub the base. Rinse the cloth and dry it completely. Repeat until all traces of dirt disappear.
- After cleaning, apply a coat of clear enamel primer. Let it dry before applying another layer of paint.
- Paint the base in whatever color you want. When painting, make sure there is no air bubbles between layers.
- Once the first coat has dried, apply two more coats of paint. Wait about 30 minutes between each application.
- Allow the final coat to dry fully before moving the machine back together.